Fusible web is a humanmade fiber that will melt when heated. When placed between two pieces of fabric, the melting action of the fusible web causes it to fuse the two fabrics together. It is not woven or knitted. It's used to make fabrics stiffer, and it's especially effective for mending hems and small holes.
Fusible web is available in rolls, similar to tape, in various widths, by the yard in the interfacing department of most fabric stores and in pre-packaged pieces almost anywhere that sells sewing notions.
Using Fusible Web
To use fusible web, the fabric should be washed first, as you would pre-shrink the fabric because the finishes on the fabric will prevent a permanent fuse to take place since the fusible material cannot melt into the fibers. If the fabric has not been pre-washed, it may seem like the fusible web is adhering, but it will work it's way loose as the finishes come off the fabric.
Types of Fusible Web
Fusible web is available in various weights. Use the weight that is closest to the fabric you will be fusing. If you're fusing a lightweight fabric such as a blouse weight cotton, choose lightweight fusible web. If you're fusing a heavy fabric such as denim or canvas, you'll want a heavyweight fusible web. In a pinch, you can also use multiple layers of the fusible web, but it doesn't work exactly like a heavyweight fusible web. You must use caution and pay close attention that all of the layers have melted to totally fuse the fabric.
Although it may be tempting to apply a heavyweight fusible on everything to make sure it lasts, using a heavyweight fusible on lightweight fabric is not advisable because the fusible web may melt and seep through the lighter weight fabric. Heavyweight fusible is also known to gum up the sewing machine needle. Cleaning the needle can work but do not use an abrasive to clean the needle which could leave burrs on the needle and cause other problems. Sometimes a cotton ball soaked in rubbing alcohol works to clean the needle or simply picking the "gum" off the needle without bending the needle.
Many types of fusible web come with special paper backing. Patterns can be traced directly to the backside of the paper for applique work. We always save the paper after we peel it from the fabric, using it to protect the ironing board cover and iron, similar to a press cloth on top of what you are pressing but under what you are pressing.
Never iron directly on the fusible web—it will melt all over your iron! If you do not have the backing paper, parchment paper or freezer paper can be used as a buffer to prevent the fusible web from melting. Rolls of fusible web make an excellent addition to your emergency supplies for quick hem repair.