Washington Presidential Dollar Error Coin Gallery

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    First Washington Plain Edge Dollar to be Listed on eBay

    Washington plain edge dollar
    The Tip of the Iceberg! The was the first Washington plain edge Presidential Dollar, which was put up for sale on eBay on Feb. 15, 2007. Photo by "Chicago Ron" Guinazzo.

    Presidential Dollar Errors Photo Guide

    The Washington Presidential Dollar, the first in the series of Presidential Dollars which will be issued by the U.S. Mint at the rate of four per year until at least the year 2016, emerged from The United States Mint with a stupendous number of errors. Although most collectors expected that there would be an "adjustment period" while the Mint adapted to its new edge lettering process, the resulting explosion of so-called "Godless Dollars" was unprecedented in both type of error (omitting 4 major inscriptions) and scope (estimated in the hundreds of thousands by some experts.)

    When you have a large percentage of the population checking their new Presidential Dollars for errors, it should come as no surprise that a whole cornucopia of minting errors, major and minor, emerged in a very short period of time. This photo gallery is a tour through the best and most interesting error coin types discovered during the Washington Dollar error eruption of 2007.

    This photo isn't the best in the world, but it's a historically important one to those interested in Washington Presidential Dollar error coins: It is the first plain edge dollar to be listed on eBay! Ironically, (since most of the frenzy would take place in Florida,) this first known publicly sold specimen was found in the Chicago area, from Denver Mint coins, by "Chicago Ron" Guinazzo. Ron posted it on eBay around 10 pm on Feb. 15, 2007 (the first day the Washington Dollars were sold to the public.) It sold for $612.

    However, nearly two weeks before Chicago Ron's auction began, there were already harbingers of things to come. An email from a central (bank) vault manager named Heather on Feb. 2, 2007 said "We received the new Washington dollars from the Fed in Jacksonville, and about a third of them have lettering on the rim that is right side up, 1/3 have it up side down, and 1/3 have none at all. Is this normal for these coins? Love your site and thanks for all the help."

    Who could ever have guessed how big this would become!?

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    An Early Philadelphia Plain Edge Dollar Specimen

    Plain edge dollar from the Philadelphia Mint
    This Godless Dollar Was Found in Florida Philadelphia Mint specimen of the plain edge Washington Dollar. Photo by Athel Patterson

    This plain edge Washington Dollar was found in Florida, from among the coins issued by the Philadelphia Mint.

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    Photo of a Godless Plain Edge Presidential Dollar

    Godless Dollar
    Interesting Way to Show Off the Plain Edge! Plain Edge Godless Dollar depicted in an artistic manner. Photo by Jeff King, courtesy of Capital Coin and Diamond, Inc.

    I like this photo because it is an interesting way to show off the plain edge on this so-called "Godless Dollar." Of course, you can only look at so many coin photos where the focus is the missing edge lettering, so I'll show one more (on the next page; both mints side by side) and then we'll move on to other error coins.

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  • 04 of 67

    Plain Edge Dollars From Both Mints

    Plain edge Presidential Dollars
    Side By Side Photo of Denver and Philly Dollars Plain edge Presidential Dollars from both mints, shown side by side. Photo courtesy of Ken Potter, NLG.

    As this photo clearly shows, there is a big color difference between the plain edge coins from the Philadelphia Mint (upper coin) and the Denver Mint (lower coin.) You can see the copper core between the clad layers in the Philly specimen, but the Denver specimen shows an edge that is about the same color as the obverse and reverse.

    The logical question, then, is, "if we can tell them apart, how come the grading services are slabbing them all as generics?" The answer is that the Denver coins actually display a minor secondary error of their own, in that the copper clad layer is supposed to show (according to experts I spoke with.) The theory is that the plating bath, which imparts the bright, shiny gold color to the coins, had too much dissolved copper in it, which was causing the solution to adhere to the copper core as well as the surfaces. Because this was considered to be an anomalous event that couldn't be relied on consistently, and because this plating bath could presumably be reproduced (faked) outside the Mint, the grading services elected to err on the side of conservatism and not indicate the mint of origin on the slab inserts based on the color of the edges alone.

    The only sure way to prove which mint a plain edge Presidential Dollar came from is to find properly mintmarked coins from the same dies, and present them for grading and encapsulation in pairs.

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    Ripping Wrappers and Finding Plain Edge Dollars

    Rolls containing plain edge Washington dollars
    Checking Rolls for Plain Edge Dollars Searching bank-wrapped rolls of Presidential Dollars for plain edge coins. Photo by Sandy in Central Florida

    This remarkable photo was taken by Sandy in Central Florida. People who sent photos of this nature tell me that the primary reason for opening the wrappers only partially like this isn't for speed of searching. It was to protect the plain edge dollars from unnecessary extra handling. Although many folks from Florida who kept their finds intact within the rolls didn't do it with this purpose in mind, by keeping their rolls intact, they greatly increased their chances of finding a die match to a mint marked coin. If you submit the coins in pairs, with one coin being a plain edge dollar, and the second coin being a properly edge lettered dollar from the same die pair, some grading services will grant you the originating mint designation on the insert. Check with them first, though, because not all services are offering this, and you must do the die matching yourself, which takes a certain amount of expertise and nitpicky patience to accomplish!

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    Thousands of "GW MELS" Ready to go to Market

    Plain edge dollar stacks
    George Washington Missing Edge Letter (GW MEL) Dollars Piles and piles of plain edge dollars, found by an enterprising Florida resident. Photo courtesy of Eric Dennis of GodlessCoins.com.

    This striking photo really brings the subject home regarding just how many plain edge dollars are floating around out there. Plain edge Washington Dollars are being called "GW MELS" by some error experts. GW means "George Washington" and the MEL part stands for "Missing Edge Lettering." It's sort of funny how the hobby seems to have gone full circle with the terminology being used to describe these dollars.

    When the Presidential plain edge dollar story first broke in the numismatic media, everyone was using the term "missing edge lettering" because that's what it was, plain and simple. But "missing edge lettering" has a lot of syllables in it, and it's really a mouthful when you're chatting about coins with friends, so soon we evolved "plain edge" and "smooth edge." These terms were a great deal shorter, and they were easier to say. Then, the mainstream media dubbed the error the "Godless Dollar" and this was the byword of choice for a couple of weeks, but slowly "plain edge" gained currency over the others, particularly over "smooth edge." "Smooth edge" had come to be perceived of as describing faked plain edge dollars, because anybody who had looked at a genuine plain edge dollar under a 10x loupe could see that it was anything but smooth. The fakes, however, really were smooth, thanks to dremels and polishing wheels.

    So, how did we find our way back to "Missing Edge Lettering?" We can thank the grading services for this, since this is the designation they have settled on to describe this variety on the slab inserts. But as I noted, "Missing Edge Lettering" is a real mouthful, so dealers are using the term MEL instead! When they speak of GW MELS, I imagine they're being optimistic that future issues of the Presidential Dollars will also produce plain edge varieties. So far, we have hundreds of JA MELS now (John Adams Presidential Dollars with Missing Edge Lettering,) so perhaps soon we'll have a TJ MEL, and even a JM MEL!

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  • 07 of 67

    Scores of Stacks of Plain Edge Dollars

    Cache of plain edge Presidential Dollars
    These Plain Edge Dollars are Just One Florida Resident's Cache A large cache of plain edge Washington Presidential Dollars. Photo by Eric Dennis of GodlessCoins.com.

    When I first ran this photo on my home page, it drew a lot of attention. Dozens of people wrote to ask if this photo was real, did it really depict the better part of 2,000 plain edge dollar coins?

    The answer is yes, it does! However, I doubt that the typical Florida resident amassed a hoard of this size, because the person who collected these, Eric Dennis, spent the better part of two weeks going from bank to bank all day long, buying up every Presidential dollar he could get his hands on. He opened numerous bank accounts when tellers would refuse to sell to anybody but bank customers. He even bought cheesecakes for helpful bank personnel to enjoy on their lunch breaks!

    I really admire the entrepreneurial spirit as exemplified by Eric. Already a successful businessman anyway, he saw an opportunity to make a huge profit and jumped in with both feet. He worked this opportunity for all he could, and in the end, you can see his results, stacked in scores of piles of 25 coins each, every one being a plain edge Washington Dollar worth at least 75 to 100 times its face value.

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    Rolls of Presidential Dollars Ready for Grading

    2,300 + plain edge dollars
    All Wrapped Up and Ready to Go! Plain edge dollars, wrapped up and ready to go out for grading. Photo by Eric Dennis of GodlessCoins.com.

    I want to show one more of Eric Dennis's photos before I move on. This is a photo he took of the coins on the previous two pages, all rolled up and ready to send in for grading. Eric turned down several dealers' offers to buy his hoard wholesale because he believed in himself and his ability to market his coins for a better price. Last I heard, Eric's coins were just coming back from being graded, and he tells me that MS-67 is a very difficult grade to get in these coins. Out of more than 2,000 plain edge coins, only a few came back MS-66 and 67. Most of them came back MS-64 and 65. I wonder if he got any 68's? I wonder if ANYBODY will get an MS-70 in the George Washington type, plain edge or otherwise! It took 17 years for a circulation strike U.S. Cent to make PCGS MS-70!

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    This Whole Box of 1,000 Washington Dollars Had 1 Error, But it Was Big!

    999 normal dollars and 1 error
    999 Normal Dollars and 1 Error Three and a half rows of rejects, and one BIG error coin!. Photo courtesy of M.S.B. in Southport, FL.

    M.S.B. of Southport, Florida (who wishes to remain anonymous aside from his initials,) had an experience quite a bit different than many in Florida. In his box of 1,000 Washington Dollars, he only found one error coin, but it was a doozie! It had nothing on it at all! The blank coin, called an "unstruck planchet" by the experts, completely missed the coin presses entirely! It missed the edge lettering machine, too, coming out of the mint with nothing but the upraised rim to prove it was from the Mint. Blank planchets like M.S.B.'s sold for as much as $1,000 each on eBay!

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    999 Normal Presidential Dollars and 1 Error Coin

    Blank planchet error coin
    Blank Planchet is 1 in 1,000 Find A blank coin was the only error found in this box of 1,000 Washington Dollars. Photo courtesy of M.S.B. of Southport, FL.

    Here's another photo of M.S.B.'s blank coin. The 999 normal dollars depicted with it are a reminder of just how hard it is to find error coins in bank-wrapped rolls. I searched through 6,000 plus Washington Dollars and found only a few very minor errors: a cracked clad layer (with a very teeny crack running across the face from rim to rim) and half a dozen embossed letter types (which some people persist in calling "dropped letter" types when they are not!) I have an article that explains the difference between dropped letters and embossed letters.

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    Blank Coin - This Blank Presidential Dollar is a 1 in 1,000 Find

    Blank Presidential Dollar
    Presidential Blank Coin Error This blank coin was found in a box of 1,000 Washington Presidential Dollars. Photo courtesy of M.S.B. of Southport, FL.

    Technically, this blank planchet is worthless, even though it came from the U.S. Mint in a sealed box of 1,000 Fed-wrapped Presidential Dollars. When a coin doesn't get struck with the devices and inscriptions that identify it as being legal tender, it has no value at all other than the metal it is made of. Fortunately, however, there's a bustling market for mint error coins, and blank coins like the one pictured here sold for as much as $1,000 each on eBay in mid-March of 2007. M.S.B., the finder of this coin, informs me that a Florida coin dealer offered him $10 for it and told him it was common! This is a classic example of why I have lots of content on my site similar to this article about how to find a reputable coin dealer.

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    This Blank Planchet Shows a Cracked Clad Layer

    Blank planchet with cracked clad layer
    The Clad Layer Cracked Before the Strike Blank planchet with a cracked clad layer. Photo by Eric Dennis of GodlessCoins.com

    This blank Presidential Dollar planchet presents an interesting question. What would have happened had this planchet been struck? If you look closely, you can see that there is a good sized crack in the clad layer on this planchet. Due to the force of striking, the clad layer might have been completely destroyed, or it might have "bonded" to the core. Among the experts I queried about this, the consensus was that the layer would crack more, and probably come off completely, but a couple of experts thought that maybe the clad layer would bond.

    I find it fascinating that when it comes right down it, we really just don't know! I know this sounds funny, but most of the science behind evaluating minting errors through the years had to be done based on speculation, because the U.S. Mint itself wasn't very forthcoming about its problems. Hopefully the collector community and the Mint can build a better rapport in the future, so that the lines of communication are more open, and we can deal in facts rather than speculation when it comes to understanding minting errors.

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    Blank Planchets Often Show a Lot of Damage

    Damaged blank coin
    Dings and Marks on Planchets Get Struck Out Blank Presidential Dollar planchet shows dings and scratches. Photo by Eric Dennis of GodlessCoins.com

    This photo, and the one following it, are the obverse and reverse of another blank Presidential Dollar planchet. As you can see, the planchet is banged up a fair bit. This is normal, actually, because it is expected that when the planchet gets struck by the dies and made into an actual coin, these scratches, dings, and other marks will get obliterated. In practice, however, not all coins lose their pre-strike damage upon striking. The mark of a real coin grading connoisseur is the person who can tell whether the damage on a given coin occurred before or after it was struck!

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    The Blank Planchet Shows Contact Marks on Both Sides

    Unstruck blank coin
    These Marks Usually Don't Survive Striking Unstruck Presidential Dollar planchet shows contact marks. Photo by Eric Dennis of GodlessCoins.com.

    This is the reverse side of the planchet seen on the previous page. Like its other side, this face also shows the same kind of pre-strike damage from contact with other planchets and other possible mishaps prior to its being struck. Most unstruck planchets that escape the Mint show similar damage, although perhaps not quite this bad.

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    This "Faceless Dollar" Got the Edge Lettering, but No Images!

    Faceless Dollar
    Blank Presidential Coins With Edge Lettering Only The Faceless Dollar didn't get struck by the coin press, but did get edge lettering!. Photo courtesy of PCGS.

    This remarkable coin is the antithesis of the plain edge dollar. Where the plain edge dollars got the die strike but no edge lettering, this planchet got the edge lettering but no die strike! There were a lot of jokes about this type having been found shortly after the so-called "Godless Dollars" were noticed by the mainstream media. Some of the best had to do with the finders of this coin, Mary and Ray Smith of Colorado, not being able to "make heads or tails of the coin they found." Supposedly (according to some accounts) the only way they knew it was supposed to be a Presidential Dollar was because it was in a roll with other Presidential Dollars! Of course I don't believe this, because Mary and Ray had heard about the Presidential Dollar plain edge coins being found en masse, and like many other enterprising Americans, they went to the bank and bought some rolls, probably hoping to get lucky and make a few extra bucks selling their finds on eBay.

    Instead, Ray and Mary Smith (is that their real names? I've often wondered...) hit the PCGS jackpot, and collected a $2,500 reward from PCGS president Ron Guth for being the first person to submit a blank Presidential planchet with edge lettering on it for grading.

    Since this time, numerous fake plain edge dollars and fake "faceless dollars" have emerged, so if you're in the market to buy one, be sure you buy from an honest coin dealer or buy only coins in major grading service slabs.

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    Double Edge Lettering Discovery Specimen

    Double Edge Lettering
    This coin went through the edge lettering machine twice! Two sets of edge lettering appear on this Washington Dollar. Coin discovery and photo by Shawn and Shelly Bell of bigbuckbell ebay auctions.

    This is perhaps one of the most fascinating error types among the major Presidential Dollar errors. This coin, discovered by Shawn and Shelly Bell, was the first of maybe half a dozen of its type to emerge in the 8 or 10 weeks following the release of the Washington Dollar. The coin made a presumably normal trip through the Philadelphia Mint until it got to the edge lettering station. For some reason, the coin went past the edge lettering die twice, resulting in two separate sets of inscriptions around the edge of the coin. The Bells found this coin fairly early in the Washington Dollar error-finding frenzy, and they went on to discover a number of other interesting errors, which you'll see later in this photo gallery.

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    Another View of the First Reported Double Edge Lettered Dollar

    The Two Sets of Edge Lettering Both Go the Same Direction. Coin discovery and photo by Shawn and Shelly Bell of bigbuckbell ebay auctions.
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    One More Look at the Discovery Specimen of the Double Edge Letter Error

    This Coin Went Through the Edge Lettering Machine Twice. Coin discovery and photo by Shawn and Shelly Bell of bigbuckbell ebay auctions.
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    Doubled Edge Lettering is Seen on This Presidential Dollar

    Double Edge Lettering
    Two Passes Through the Edge Lettering Machine The "Doubting Thomas" Double Edge Lettering Specimen. Photo by Rose Newell

    This set of plates, and two pages of them that follow, depict the Newell "Doubting Thomas" Specimen of the Doubled Edge Lettering variety of Washington Presidential Dollars. Here is the story, as it was related to me by the finder's son, Bill Newell:

    "Doubting Thomas" Newell, Bill's father, wanted nothing to do with the Presidential Dollar error frenzy which was swamping his home state of Florida. Although some folks in Florida would eventually find thousands of plain edge dollars, "Doubting Thomas" didn't figure that any of that good luck would ever come his way. His son encouraged him to buy a couple of rolls of coins, "just to see," but Thomas was adamant. None of this tomfoolery for him!

    Finally, Bill decided to just go ahead and buy some rolls anyhow, which he did. He took them over to his father's house and talked him into to taking a couple of them just for the heck of it. If no errors turned up, well, he could just spend the darn things. His mother, Rose, who was a little more amenable to the project, selected a couple of rolls from the dozen or so that Bill had brought, and "Doubting Tom" grudgingly picked out a couple of rolls for himself. And then set them aside and forgot about them.

    Rose opened her rolls, but didn't find anything. Realizing that Tom wasn't likely to bother opening his without a lot of prodding, she encouraged him to do so, which he did, and he quickly scanned them to prove that there were no plain edge dollars to be found there and what a waste of time the whole thing had been. But then he noticed that one of the coins looked a little funny on the edge, so he asked Rose to take some photos and send them to Bill.

    I got an email from Bill's wife, Cher, sending me some of these photos you see here along with a question asking if this coin was rare or worth anything. I have to admit, I was pretty excited when I saw this email, because I had seen the Bell specimen posted in a forum somewhere and thought this error was just really cool! And now I had a site visitor reporting the same error type! After a few more email exchanges and a couple of telephone conversations, we made arrangements for the coin to be sent to error coin scholar Tom DeLorey so that he could see the coin, and then send it off for grading.

    NGC has graded this specimen MS-64 and the Newell family have decided to dub it the "Doubting Thomas" Double Edge Lettering specimen. Good for them! =)

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    Photos of the "Doubting Thomas" Double Edge Lettering Specimen

    Doubled Edge Lettering on Presidential Dollar
    Presidential Dollar Has Two Sets of Edge Letters Double edge lettering is shown in these Presidential Dollar edge photos. Photo by Rose Newell

    This is another set of views of the edge of the "Doubting Thomas" double edge lettered Presidential Dollar. The amusing story about this specimen and how it was found is on the previous page.

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    Additional Photos Show Two Sets of Edge Lettering on this Dollar

    Double Edge Lettering Dollar
    This Coin Took Two Passes Through the Edge Lettering Machine Double edge lettering proves that this coin passed through the edge lettering machine twice. Photo by Rose Newell

    This is the third set of photos of the "Doubting Thomas" Newell specimen of Presidential Dollar with two sets of edge lettering. The amusing story of this coin is told two pages back.

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    This Double Edge Lettering Specimen is From the Denver Mint

    Double Edge Lettering from Denver
    This Coin Passed Through the Edge Lettering Process Twice This Double Edge Lettering Washington Dollar from the Denver Mint was found in Chicago. Photo courtesy of Elliott.

    The first two specimens of double edge lettering Washington Presidential Dollars that I show (on previous pages) came from the Philadelphia Mint. Not to be left out, however, the Denver Mint has also produced specimens of this amazing error type. This coin was found in the greater Chicago area, from coins minted at Denver. I first heard about this specimen when my good friend Bob Feiler called to tell me that he had word that a member of the Hillside Coin Club was going to bring a doubled edge letter dollar to the meeting that night. Unfortunately, I couldn't attend on short notice, despite wanting very much to see the coin, but the discoverer emailed me the photo you see above (and the one on the next page) a few days later. What a lucky find!

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    Denver Mint Specimen of the Doubled Edge Letter Dollar

    Doubled Edge Lettering From Denver
    This Coin Was Found in the Chicago Area Doubled Edge Lettering From the Denver Mint. Photo courtsy of Elliott

    This is another photo of the Denver Mint specimen of Presidential Dollar displaying two sets of edge lettering. More about this coin is on the previous page.

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    Presidential Dollar With Missing Reverse Clad Layer

    Missing Clad Layer Dollar
    Denver Mint Washington Dollar Lost its Clad Layer Missing Clad Layer (Reverse) Washington Dollar. Photo by Mary C. in Michigan

    This major error coin was found in Michigan by Mary C. The path to discovering just exactly what she had found is amusing (if a bit self-deprecating.) It went something like this (in brief email exchanges back and forth):

    Mary: Hello there. I have a Washington Dollar that has no gold on one side of the coin. Is that an error? Thank you for your time.

    Me: (At the time Mary's first email came in, on March 14, 2007, I was buried under a deluge of email that reached 200 messages per hour at times, all from people reporting Presidential Dollar errors or hoped-for errors. I had just seen a spike in unburnished planchet reports because of a featured auction on eBay for one that was topping $1,200, and Mary's email sounded like more of the same to my exhausted mind.) Your dollar with no gold on one side is almost certainly an error if you got it from a mint roll from the bank. DOH! My message went on in a similar idiotic vein for three paragraphs, ending with a request for photos.

    Mary: Here is a photo of my coin, and yes I purchased from a mint roll at the bank.

    Me: Thank you for sending the scan of your coin, plus the comparison coin! Good thinking! =) See the photo Mary sent, above. Her error coin is on the right. How far off gold color is your "error" coin? Does it have some gold coloring, or none at all? Is it entirely copper colored on that side and the photos just make it SEEM like there is gold on it?

    I have to admit to being skeptical here. Her photo appears to show a blotch or smear of copper coloring, and in my over-tired mind I was wondering if she was trying to put one over on me. For some reason, my brain was locked on this "unburnished planchet" notion, but I couldn't figure out how only one side of the planchet could be unburnished! I asked Mary to get the coin weighed (on the advice of Tom DeLorey, who was a wonderful help to me throughout this frenzied period.)

    Mary: The regular one weighs 8 grams and the other one weighs 5.7 grams.

    Me: If your error coin only weighs 5.7 grams, it seems certain to be missing a clad layer. The question, then, is why did the strike come up so well? Usually on seriously underweight coins, the strike is weak and fuzzy because there isn't enough metal to fill the dies. I never did get the answer to why the strike wasn't weak. Tom DeLorey photo-authenticated the error as a Missing Reverse Clad Layer, which was lost before striking. (Continued on the next page.)

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    NGC MS-64 Missing Reverse Clad Layer Presidential Dollar

    NGC MS-64 Missing Clad Layer Dollar
    Major Missing Clad Layer Error Coin Found in Michigan This Presidential Dollar is missing the reverse clad layer, exposing the copper core. Photo courtesy of Mary C. of Michigan.

    (This is a continuation of the journey to discovery regarding this major Presidential Dollar error coin which was begun on the previous page.)

    Tom DeLorey had photo-authenticated Mary's coin as having a Missing Reverse Clad Layer, based on her image and the weight and physical appearance data she provided. Mary eventually decided to send the coin off to NGC for grading, and it came back authenticated and graded MS-64. She put it up for auction on eBay in a beautifully well-done Category Featured auction, and it was only by a stroke of bad luck (in my opinion) that she only got about $1,300 for it; someone else listed another Missing Clad Layer Washington Dollar error coin, also graded by NGC, a couple of days after hers. The other coin, however, only sold for about $870, primarily because it wasn't Featured.

    The obvious lesson here is that if you have a major error coin to sell on eBay, spring for the $30 bucks or so to make it visible to your potential buyers.

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    Washington Dollar With 93 Percent Rotated Reverse

    The Statue of Liberty is Turned on Her Side!. Photo by Mike rothwell in Decorah, Iowa
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    Rotated Die Axis on a Washington Presidential Dollar

    Rotated Reverse Die Approximately 93 Percent. Photo by Mike Rothwell in Decorah, Iowa
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    Struck Through Grease Washington Presidential Dollar

    Grease Filled Die Obliterated the Devices. Photo by Dave Makkos
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    Washington Dollar Struck Through Grease Filled Die Error

    Grease Obliterated the Images on This Washington Dollar. Photo by Dave Makkos
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    Washington Dollar is Missing a Chunk of the Planchet

    A Whole Piece of this Coin is GONE. Photo by Ben Grosso
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    This Presidential Dollar Lost a Portion of the Planchet

    A Whole Piece of the Coin is Missing. Photo by Ben Grosso
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    Washington Dollar Planchet Error - A Chunk of the Coin is GONE

    A Whole Piece of the Planchet is Gone!. Photo by Ben Grosso
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    Another View of the Washington Dollar That Lost a Chunk

    Photo by Ben Grosso
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    Washington Dollar Lost a Chunk of the Planchet Somehow

    Another View of This Amazing Error Coin. Photo by Ben Grosso
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    This Presidential Dollar is Missing a Piece of the Planchet

    Photo by Ben Grosso
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    Cracked Clad Layer - Clamshell Error Coin

    Clamshell coin error proof!
    The Knife is Sticking Out of the Cracked Clad Layer Edge! Washington Presidential Dollar with Exacto type razor knife blade sticking out of the clamshell, or cracked clad leyer edge, thereby proving the coin is cracked. Photo by Wayne Hunt of 5willgetu10 auctions.

    Out of all of the Presidential Dollar error coin photos which people have sent me, this photo, and the one following it (showing a similar view of the same thing) are among the most interesting from the artistic standpoint. The coin in the photo has a nice "clamshell," or cracked clad layer, error which is evident 360 degrees around the entire circumference of the edge of the coin. The coin's owner and finder, Wayne Hunt, sent a set of coin photos, (shown after the next image) which seemed to depict the cracked clad layer, but the expert that was helping identify some of the strange things we were seeing wanted to know how deep the split went.

    Since Wayne isn't an error coins guru, he wasn't sure how to describe what he was seeing in any better terms than he already had, so he had his camera do the work for him. The photo was meant to tell us "yes, the split clad layer is split enough and deep enough to hold up my razor knife!" He ultimately sent the coin to Tom DeLorey at Harlan J. Berk, where I got a chance to see it myself before it went off for grading and encapsulation. The split was definitely visible to the naked eye, but the clad layer was very secure; there wasn't any chance of it separating from the core.

    And don't worry! The coin wasn't damaged at all by the insertion of the blade! Wayne says he inserted it very carefully and didn't probe or cut with it. I sure didn't see any evidence of marks from the knife on the edge when I looked at it, either. But it made some cool photos!

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    Cracked Clad Layer (Clamshell Error) With Razor Knife Embedded

    Artistic Photo Documents Cracked Clad Layer Error. Photo by Wayne Hunt of 5willgetu10 auctions.
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    Cracked Clad Layer (Clamshell) Error Before the Razor Photo

    This is the Same Coin as the Previous 2 Images, Without the Razor. Photo by Wayne Hunt of 5willgetu10 auctions.
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    The Razor Dollar Clamshell Error With Normal Coins

    Another View of the Clamshell Error Coin Without the Razor. Photo by Wayne Hunt of 5willgetu10 auctions.
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    The Clamshell Error Coin Floating in Space With Other Coins

    One Last Image From This Artistically Talented Photographer. Photo by Wayne Hunt of 5willgetu10 auctions.
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    Clash Marks Show on the Obverse of this Presidential Dollar

    The Arrows Point to the Marks Made by the Reverse Die. Coin discovery and photo by Shawn and Shelly Bell of bigbuckbell ebay auctions.
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    Strong Clash Marks Show on the Reverse of this Presidential Dollar

    This is Sometimes Called an "Extra Spike" Error. Coin discovery and photo by Shawn and Shelly Bell of bigbuckbell ebay auctions.
    Continue to 43 of 67 below.
  • 43 of 67

    Another Specimen Shows Strong Clash Marks on the Obverse

    Caused by the Dies Coming Together With no Planchet Between Them. Photo by Jeffrey Makos
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    Reverse Side of Previous Coin Shows "Extra Spike" Clash Marks

    Die Clash Error on Washington Dollar. Photo by Jeffrey Makos
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  • 45 of 67

    Good Sized Die Crack Runs From Rim to Center of Reverse

    Washington Dollar Die Crack. Photo by Jeffrey Makos
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  • 46 of 67

    Die Crack Runs From Rim to Rim Beneath the Bust

    Die Crack Error on Presidential Dollar. Photo by Brandon in Portland, Oregon
    Continue to 47 of 67 below.
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    The "Wild Whisker" Die Crack is a Common Type of Recurring Crack

    Many Dies are Known With a Die Crack in This Location. Photo by Danny Chapman of xpcoins.com
    Continue to 48 of 67 below.
  • 48 of 67

    Another Specimen of the "Wild Whisker" Die Crack Type

    The Crack Appears on Washington's Chin. Photo by Brandon of Portland, Oregon
    Continue to 49 of 67 below.
  • 49 of 67

    A Third Specimen of the Common "Wild Whisker" Die Crack

    The "Wild Whisker" Error is Cool But Not Very Rare. Coin discovery and photo by Shawn and Shelly Bell of bigbuckbell ebay auctions.
    Continue to 50 of 67 below.
  • 50 of 67

    The "Wounded Liberty" Die Gouge on the Presidential Dollar

    Die Damage Runs Through Liberty's Midsection. Photo by Phil Weiss
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  • 51 of 67

    Another View of the "Wounded Liberty" Specimen on the Previous Page

    The Die Gouge Wasn't Deep Enough to Scar the Entire Liberty Device. Photo by Phil Weiss
    Continue to 52 of 67 below.
  • 52 of 67

    A Different Die Specimen Showing the "Wounded Liberty" Die Gouge Type

    This Type is Known From at Least Three Dies. Coin discovery and photo by Shawn and Shelly Bell of bigbuckbell ebay auctions.
    Continue to 53 of 67 below.
  • 53 of 67

    Close-Up View of "Wounded Liberty" Die Gouge in Previous Photo

    This Gouge is Deeper and More Consistent Than the Other Type Shown. Coin discovery and photo by Shawn and Shelly Bell of bigbuckbell ebay auctions.
    Continue to 54 of 67 below.
  • 54 of 67

    Interesting Die Gouge Looks Like Part of the Circular Design

    The Gouge is in Just the Right Place to Continue the Circle. Photo by Angel Morales
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  • 55 of 67

    Die Polishing Caused the So-Called "Severed Head" Liberty Errors

    The Dies Were Polished Because of Die Clashes. Photo courtesy of Don Royer and John Salmon
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  • 56 of 67

    The Die Polishing Removed Parts of Liberty's Robe

    The Polishing Was Aggressive Resulting in Marked Detail Loss. Photo courtesy of Don Royer and John Salmon.
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  • 57 of 67

    The Die Polishing Efforts Removed Part of Liberty's Tablet

    This Detail Photo Shows a Damaged Coin and a Normal One. Photo courtesy of Don Royer and John Salmon.
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  • 58 of 67

    Another Version of the "Severed Head" Variety

    Damage Was Caused by Die Polishing to Remove Clash Marks. Photo by Brandon in Portland, Oregon
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  • 59 of 67

    This Embossed Letter is Often Confused With a Dropped Letter Error

    Dropped Letters are Incused - This Letter is in Relief (Raised). Photo by Danny Chapman of xpcoins.com
    Continue to 60 of 67 below.
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    This is the First of Two Coins Showing a Backwards S

    The Extra Letter is Raised and then Flattened Into the Edge. Coin discovery and photo by Shawn and Shelly Bell of bigbuckbell ebay auctions.
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    This Coin Also Has a Reversed S Embossed Into the Edge

    These Letters Are Being Impressed by Other Coins. Photo by Rick Davis
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  • 62 of 67

    The Letter T is Embossed Into the Edge of this Dollar

    The Embossed Letter Matches the T in TRUST from the Edge of Another Coin. Coin discovery and photo by Shawn and Shelly Bell of bigbuckbell ebay auctions.
    Continue to 63 of 67 below.
  • 63 of 67

    The Exra Curl Error on the Presidential Dollars

    Extra Curl Error
    Liberty has a Small Die Break in Her Hair Creating the Extra Curl The "Extra Curl" in Liberty's hair is caused by a small die break. Coin discovery & photo by Shawn Bell of bigbuckbell auctions.

    A small die break in Liberty's hair gives the appearance of an "extra curl" to some folks. This die break is often erroneously attributed to a cud.

    Continue to 64 of 67 below.
  • 64 of 67

    Partial Missing Edge Lettering Presidential Dollar

    Partial Missing Edge Lettering
    Part of the Edge Inscription is Missing A portion of the edge lettering is missing from this Presidential Dollar. Photo courtesy of Ivars Lauzums
    Continue to 65 of 67 below.
  • 65 of 67

    Strike Doubling Caused Liberty's Gown to Shown on the Rim

    "Gown on rim" strike doubling
    Strike doubling has caused Liberty's gown to show on the rim of the coin. Photo by Phil Weiss

    This Presidential Dollar reverse shows "strike doubling," also called "mechanical doubling." The Statue of Liberty's gown appears on the rim of the coin because the dies actually bounced a little following the strike. Error coin purists consider such coins to be "damaged," but the average collector finds them to be pretty neat! They're not worth much, perhaps $10 or so on eBay. They are known for all Presidential Dollars released so far, although the example shown is a Washington Dollar.

    Continue to 66 of 67 below.
  • 66 of 67

    Liberty's Gown is Doubled onto the Rim Due to Strike Doubling

    A "gown on rim", or "gown on edge", error.
    Liberty's gown appears to be doubled on the rim due to strike doubling, or "die bounce.". Photo by Phil Weiss

    When this coin was struck, the dies bounced a little after striking, causing a slightly off-center impression of Liberty's gown to appear on the rim of the coin. There is another exmaple of this error on the previous page.

    Continue to 67 of 67 below.
  • 67 of 67

    Part of the Edge Lettering is Missing From this Dollar

    Partially missed edge lettering
    Presidential Dollar With Partial Inscription Another view of the previous coin (top), which is missing a large section of edge lettering. Photo courtesy of Ivars Lauzums