This is a free Irish crochet rose pattern. It is based on a vintage Irish Rose pattern from the early 20th century.
The early days of crochet history are rooted in Irish crochet lace; people made crochet items for sale as a way to earn money during the Irish potato famine. Therefore, when you work this crochet rose pattern, you aren't just making a cute flower, but you're actually paying homage to the history of the craft.
This crochet rose has a layered design that gives it a protruding three-dimensional look. It can be used as an appliqué, gift tag accessory, jewelry piece, or you could make several and string them into bunting.
Crochet Abbreviations Used In This Pattern
- ch = chain
- dc = double crochet
- ea = each
- sc = single crochet
- sk = skip
- sl st = slip stitch
- sp = space
- st(s) = stitch(es)
Important Stitch Note
The crochet slip stitch is an important stitch in this particular pattern. Although most crafters are very familiar with it, here's a review:
How To Slip Stitch (sl st) = Insert hook in stitch, wrap thread or yarn over hook, pull thread or yarn through the stitch and through the loop on the hook, at the same time. A slip stitch does not add any height and is used to join a chain or stitch to another place in the crochet piece.
Materials for Irish Crochet Rose Pattern
Use crochet thread size of your choice or yarn weight of your choice and the corresponding hook that goes with your chosen yarn weight.
Some of the most commonly used sizes are:
- Size 10 cotton thread with a size 8 steel hook
- Sport weight yarn with a size F hook
- Worsted weight yarn with a size H hook
As with all crochet patterns, the more lightweight the thread, the smaller the hook and the smaller the finished sizes. People who choose to work this pattern with worsted weight yarn can expect an approximate flower diameter size of 3" - 5"
Approximate Finished Sizes:
- Sport weight yarn with a size F hook - about 3 1/2" diameter
- Worsted weight yarn with a size G hook - about 4 1/4" diameter
Irish Crochet Rose Free Pattern Instructions
- Starting Chain: Chain 6. Join (with a slip stitch) to form a circle.
- Rnd 1: ch 5 (counts as first dc and first ch-2), * Dc in circle, ch 2 **, repeat from * to ** 4 more times, join with sl st in the 3rd ch of the beginning ch-5 of round. (There should be 6 ch-2 spaces in this round.)
- Rnd 2: ch 1, sc in same stitch as sl st just made at end of previous round, * 5 dc in next ch-2 sp, sc in next dc, **, repeat from * to ** around.
- Rnd 3: Ch 1, sl st in base (in the back) of the sc that was just made at end of previous row. (These photos show the back, also called the wrong side, of the piece.) Note that the sl st is done in the base of the sc, so that the chains that are done next will be lower than the outer edges of the row 2 petals. This is essential so that when the next round of petals is worked in those chains, these petals will be behind (instead of beside) the first round of petals. This gives the 3-D look. Rnd 3, continued: * ch 5, sc in base at the back of next sc (between petals) **, repeat from * to ** around. (If the ch-5 loops are in front of the petals, pull on the chain-5 loops so that they are behind the petals, before working the next round.)
- Rnd 4: ch 1, then work (sc, 7 dc, sc) all in first ch-5 sp * (sc, 7 dc, sc) all in next ch-5 sp **, repeat from * to ** around. End with sl st in beginning sc.
- To finish: End off. Weave in ends.
History of This Crochet Rose Pattern
This flower is based on a vintage crochet pattern from the year 1917, originally published in the book Lady Duff-Gordon Book of Irish and Cluny Crochet, Book No. 18, published by the Richardson Silk Co. The version of the pattern instructions shown here was reworked and rewritten by Sandi Marshall.