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Most pearl necklaces are knotted using a traditional technique. Though it is a little more difficult than the cheater’s way, it is not impossible to learn, and it will add an extra finished look to just about any beaded necklace or bracelet you make. As with most jewelry techniques, the more you practice, the better you will become. The most difficult part of traditional knotting is getting the knot snug up against the bead.
There's an effective way to knot using either a corsage pin or an old stick pin. (A straight pin is not strong enough for this.) However, if you plan to do a lot of knotting, you might want to consider either learning to use an awl and a pair of tweezers, or for a more high-tech approach, take a look at a tool called the tri-cord knotter. These tools will make it easier for you to make consistent and tight knots. Most bead vendors sell tools which are specially made for knotting. Many of them also offer books and even videos on this technique as well.
For a more traditional knotting, along with the corsage or stick pin you just need your beads and choice of cord. This demonstration uses burgundy colored nylon no. 4 cord and 6mm mother of pearl beads. (The contrasting colors show up better in pictures. For more traditional necklaces, match the cord to your beads.)Continue to 2 of 6 below.
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Start Knotting Between Beads
First, you'll need to gather your choice of beads and stringing material. For knotting, you'll want to use either silk or nylon. You can purchase either of these materials with a pre-attached needle or purchase the needles and thread individually. Assuming you are learning knotting for the first time, I suggest the pre-attached needle option just because it is one less step to deal with and fairly inexpensive. Most cost just a few dollars.
Since you will use either silk or nylon cord, it's best to finish one end of the necklace with a bead tip before starting to knot.
Once the necklace (or bracelet) is started, string on the first bead. Now, tie an over hand knot, but keep it loose.Continue to 3 of 6 below.
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Insert Pin in KnotNow, insert the pin (or end of the awl) through the loose knot.Continue to 4 of 6 below.
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Push Knot Against BeadWith the pin still inside the knot, use it to push the knot down towards the bead until the knot and pin are flush up against the bead.Continue to 5 of 6 below.
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Removing the Pin from Knot
Here comes the tricky part. Keep the knot up against the bead while you slip the pin out. Then take the pin and hold it on top of the cord and up against the knot. Pull the cord with one hand, and push the knot against the bead using the pin in your other hand. (Hopefully, you’re not trying to chew gum and rub your stomach too.)
An alternative method is to – instead of pushing with the pin – use your fingers to push the knot further up against the bead.
Either way works. The idea is that you want to knot to be flush up against the bead after you remove the pin or awl. This is where practice will make a big difference because the more you do it the better you will get at this important step in the process.Continue to 6 of 6 below.
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Continue and Practice Knotting
Continue this process after each bead is strung. One good practice is stringing on about a half-dozen beads or so and then pushing one down and knot, push and other down and knot, and so on. This way, you don't have to stop and string a bead on after each knot.
Once you try this, you might find ways to adjust it that work better for you. You might want to knot from right to left or left to right. Try a few experiments until you find a way that works best for you, and remember to expect some boo-boo's when you first start learning this.
In fact, it might be helpful to just plan on practicing with a mixture of beads and cording that you plan to cut apart when you are done before taking on a specific project. Once you get the hang of it, you will see how the results can really make a difference when it comes to beaded necklaces. It helps the bead drape better, and if at some point there is a break in the cord, you won't lose all your beads.