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Stripping Paint From Model Trains
At some point, every modeler needs to take the paint off of a model. Even with the amazing variety of products available today, sometimes to get the model you want, you have to start with one painted for something else.
There is a rational fear factor associated with stripping models. Not all plastics and paints react the same way to the same paint strippers. And then, of course, there are the odors. The process of stripping paint, however, is very simple once you find the right combination. And... if you take the proper safety precautions, you have nothing to fear.
The first question that always gets asked about stripping paint is what to use. There are several options and the good news is that many of them are inexpensive, easy to acquire and very unlikely to cause any harm to most plastics.
Isopropyl alcohol, window and "pine" general-purpose cleaners, and brake fluid are all common "not stripper" strippers used by model railroaders with success for years. Of course, there are also a variety of actual paint strippers on the market. Most of these have the same active ingredients as those other materials just in greater concentration or without the other additives.
So how do you know which one is right for your project? Well if you've never done one before, you can start by asking around to see what has worked for others on similar models. Some brands are known to react better to some strippers than others. Here are some other tips to protect your models:
- Start with the least volatile option. 91% or 99% isopropyl alcohol is unlikely to do any damage to most of the plastics used in model trains. Window cleaners are a close second. If the simple solutions don't work, you can step it up to something stronger.
- Observe. You may not notice any changes immediately, but it's good to perform this work when you can check it frequently.
- Avoid long soaks. For every story of a model "forgotten" in a bath of stripper that has been just fine, there is a horror story of a model that melted or turned brittle.
- Test first. Test the stripper on a part of the model that won't be seen just in case. This might be the interior of the shell or the plastic sprue it was attached to.
- Wash after stripping. After you've stripped the model, wash in warm soapy water to remove any stripping residue.
In addition to the stripper, you'll need only a few basic supplies to get started.
- Plastic tub, preferably with a lid
- Plastic gloves
- Eye protection
As on the prototypes, on model railroads, it's always safety first. Even if you are using the least-toxic chemicals, the smell of concentrated alcohol or cleaner can be overpowering. It is always best to strip paint in a well-ventilated area. Eye protection is a good idea just to be on the safe side once you start scrubbing. You'll want to keep anything else that can be damaged by the stripper, like other models on the workbench, safely away too.Continue to 2 of 3 below.
02 of 03
Removing the Paint
Note that if you just want to take the lettering off of the model, you can work locally on the letters with decal setting solution. This is also a good way to test and see how quickly the paint may come off the model with a total immersion as well.
Begin by placing the model in a plastic container and submerging it completely in the stripper. The closer in size your container is to the model the better.
Most strippers will take at least a few minutes to start working. Having a lid you can place... over the container will help control the odors. Keep an eye on the model. After about 15 minutes, if you haven't noticed any change, go ahead and test the results.
Wearing gloves, remove the model from the bath and gently scrub with a toothbrush.
If the paint starts coming off, you've found a good match and can keep going until the model is clean. If it hasn't started to strip yet, or if it is taking a lot of effort to remove the paint, go ahead and put the model back in the bath. Try again in another 15 minutes.
If the model shows no signs of stripping after an hour in the bath, there is a good chance you aren't going to have any luck with this stripper with a longer soak. It's time to try something a little stronger.
It is not uncommon for the stripper to take off the top layer of paint - usually the lettering - much faster than the other layers. If you have a locomotive with a simple paint scheme, this may be enough.Continue to 3 of 3 below.
03 of 03
Now that the paint is off, you still want to clean up the model. Wash it completely in warm water with just a little soap. This will remove any residual stripper which could prevent a good application of paint or, over time, damage the model.
It is a good idea to continue to wear protective gloves through this process. Not only are you protecting your hands, but also keeping fingerprints off of the model.
If you aren't ready to paint the model right away, it is a good idea to place it in a... clean place where it won't get dusty.
No two models are the same. Even models from the same manufacturer can sometimes react differently. Experience helps and the only way to get that is to keep trying. Take your time and you'll never have to wait for your favorite paint scheme to be announced again!