How to Single Crochet

Crochet hook and thread
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  • 01 of 08

    Single Crochet Stitch - What Is It, and Why Do You Need It?

    Single Crochet
    Single Crochet. Photo © Amy Solovay

    If you want to learn how to crochet, single crochet is one of the most important stitches you will need to know. A majority of crochet patterns and projects incorporate single crochet stitches. 

    Single crochet is one of the easiest stitches to master. Once you've learned the single crochet stitch, you'll find that there are infinite possible ways to use it. It can be worked in rows, worked in different parts of the stitch for different effects and combined with other stitches in countless...MORE variations.

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  • 02 of 08

    Where to Insert Your Crochet Hook

    Single Crochet Stitch Plus Several Variations of Single Crochet
    Single Crochet Stitch Plus Several Variations of Single Crochet. Photo © Amy Solovay

    Step 1: Insert Your Crochet Hook.

    Where, you might ask, should you insert your crochet hook?

    You Have Options.

    If you plan to work rows of single crochet, you will create a foundation chain. For the first row, insert your hook into the chain stitches. For the second row and beyond, insert your hook into the single crochet stitch directly below it in the row. When working into the second row and beyond:

    • You can insert your hook beneath both loops of the stitch. That's the standard single crochet...MORE stitch. When people reference "single crochet" without any other description, this is what they mean.
    • You can insert your hook into the front loop only (FLO) of the stitch. That's a variation of single crochet. 
    • You can insert your hook into the back loop only (BLO) of the stitch. This creates another variation that has a ribbed appearance and is a bit stretchier as a completed fabric.
    • You can work through alternating loops (FLO, BLO, FLO, BLO, etc.) This creates a highly textured crochet fabric. 

    Learn more about different loops for single crochetNo matter which place you choose to insert your crochet hook, the steps that follow are going to be the same. ​All of these different ways of working single crochet will create a dense, thick fabric that is great for items that you want to be closed (instead of lacy). Washcloths, thick blankets and winter scarves are great examples of items that work well in single crochet stitch.

    A few more notes:

    • Single crochet doesn't have to be worked in rows. You could choose to work in rounds or spirals instead.
    • You can work single crochet along the edges of garments, linens, and fabric. For example, you might do that if you want to create an edging for a skirt, pillowcase, tablecloth, or other item.

    Now let's learn how to single crochet.

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  • 03 of 08

    Single Crochet, Step 2: Yarn Over

    How to Single Crochet
    How to Single Crochet. Photo © Amy Solovay

    Step 2:

    After you've inserted your crochet hook (as described previously), prepare to draw up a loop. Do this by wrapping your yarn over your crochet hook, and grabbing the yarn with the hook.

    When you've practiced these steps to the point that they are automatic, you might find that you get to the point when there isn't a time delay between the first and the second steps (inserting the hook and doing the yarn over); you can do both steps simultaneously. Your hook will be grabbing the...MORE yarn just as soon as you insert it into the stitch. 

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  • 04 of 08

    Draw up the Loop

    How to Single Crochet
    How to Single Crochet. Photo © Amy Solovay

    This is technically the third step, although it will become seamless just like the first two steps once you have practiced the stitch. At the end of this step, you will have 2 loops on your crochet hook.

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  • 05 of 08

    Yarn Over Again

    How to Single Crochet
    How to Single Crochet. Photo © Amy Solovay

    Wrap the yarn around your crochet hook, and hook the yarn.

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  • 06 of 08

    Draw the Yarn Through Both Loops to Finish the Single Crochet Stitch

    How to Single Crochet
    How to Single Crochet. Photo © Amy Solovay

    You will draw your yarn through both of the loops on the hook. This completes your single crochet stitch. One loop will still be left on your crochet hook. This loop is going to be the starting point for your next stitch.

    You can repeat this sequence of steps as many times as needed to create additional single crochet stitches across the row (or round).

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  • 07 of 08

    Working Single Crochet in Rows - Tip for Beginners

    Single Crochet
    Single Crochet. Photo © Amy Solovay

    Tip: If you are working your crochet in rows, the first row can be a challenge, especially for beginners. Many beginning crocheters have difficulty holding the work; at the beginning, there isn't much there to hold onto.

    If you have trouble working your first row of single crochet stitch, I recommend that you have an experienced crocheter work the first several rows for you. Then you should jump in and keep crocheting on the same piece. After the first few rows are complete, you'll find...MORE it easier to hold the work.

    After you've been able to work enough rows to master the single crochet stitch, you'll have a much easier time working those tricky first rows in future projects.

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  • 08 of 08

    What You Can Make With Single Crochet

    Once you have learned how to single crochet, you can make all different kinds of things. Single crochet is the primary stitch used in amigurumi, for example. And it is used throughout all other types of projects as well. Ready to learn more? Here is a guide to all you can do with single crochet.