Turkish crochet is a type of thread crochet that uses a small hook and specific types of stitches to create a lacy design. This type of crochet, also called oya, is a vintage lace crochet that typically incorporates beads into the design. Turkish crochet is used to make jewelry as well as to add decorative edging to other projects such as shawls.
Sometimes when you look for Turkish crochet patterns, you will come across crochet patterns worked in regular yarn. Usually these are some type of... "Turkish crochet stitch" such as the Turkish Star Stitch or Turkish Ripple Stitch. These crochet stitch patterns aren't the same as oya crochet but can also be fun to learn.
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One Turkish crochet stitch is called the Flat Bead Stitch. This is a tutorial to learn that stitch technique, offered in both right-handed and left-handed versions with photos included. Also on this page you can find a tutorial for another type of Turkish crochet stitch called the Two Loops Bead Stitch. This is a great starting point for learning some basics in Turkish crochet. It isn't a pattern for a specific item but it could be used to make a bracelet or necklace.
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This is the same Turkish crochet technique but in this case it is designed specifically as a bracelet pattern. You can use different beads to create different design styles for this bracelet, but the basic foundation of the pattern will always be the same.
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Turkish crochet frequently incorporates floral designs similar to those shown in this crochet pattern. It is designed as a crochet necklace. However, it can also be used to create the edging on a scarf or even trim for a skirt or pillowcase. This is a modern interpretation of a classic oya design.
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This crochet pattern can be worked as short or as long as you like to create a bracelet or necklace using Turkish crochet techniques. This pattern has excellent detail, including photos, to help you see how to work oya crochet. In fact, in addition to the original crochet pattern, you will get instructions for an easier version of the pattern.Continue to 5 of 10 below.
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This is a free Turkish crochet pattern for a trim made of roses. The designer created trim to add on to the edge of a silk scarf. This oya trim could be used on a variety of different fabrics to add a delicate touch to home and accessories. This is written as a basic crochet pattern using simple stitches in combination with Solomon's Knot to achieve the desired effect. It is, of course, worked in thread.
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The previous pattern as well as this one come from Sunshine's Creations, a terrific resource for free oya crochet patterns. This one uses the traditional Turkish crochet design in combination with beads for a new style of oya trim. As with the other design, it can be used to edge a scarf, pillow or other fabric item, but it can also be worn alone as a crochet necklace.
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This is a simple Turkish crochet edging pattern where the design consists of four squares that are worked at different angles. One of the squares is worked in a different color to create the illusion of a floral pattern. The trim between each motif is made using Solomon's Knots.
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This simple crochet edging uses only crochet chains, slip stitch and single crochet. The design is a traditional, easy oya crochet design. It is attached here as a scarf edging.Continue to 9 of 10 below.
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Crochet Patterns Inspired by Turkish Crochet
Turkish crochet, as you have seen, is worked in thread and often incorporates beads. However, many people prefer working with yarn. Yarn-based crochet patterns, with or without beads, can draw inspiration from Turkish crochet for a delicate look. Here are some examples:
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Turkish Crochet Stitches
There are also a few crochet stitch patterns that might come up as you research Turkish crochet. Oya crochet doesn't use any stitches that are different from "regular" crochet, so these aren't technically "Turkish crochet stitches". However, these other stitch patterns are unique and you may want to add them to your repertoire.
- Turkish Star Stitch is a detailed stitch pattern with extended loops that create a design on the fabric. It can be worked flat or in the round.
- Turkish Puff Stitch is a leafy design where the leaves have almost 3d texture.
- Turkish Pine Stitch combines fans with puff stitches for a textured crochet stitch pattern.