Antiques with Asian motifs and names can be confusing to the novice collector, but many find them to be a fascinating field of study once they are involved in it. Take Japanese antiques, for example. The antique screens, boxes, chests, and decorative items that were used centuries ago in Japan provide a glimpse into another culture in addition to being beautiful decorative accents. Learn about a number of these fascinating objects here.
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Byobu Folding Screen
Byobu (pronounced bee-yo-boo) is a type of light but sturdy Japanese folding screens, consisting of two to six (sometimes as many as eight) panels made of silk or sturdy paper, mounted on hinged wooden frames. They could be used as room dividers or as decorations for special occasions.
Dating from the 7th or 8th century, they became increasingly ornate in the early Edo Period, around 1603. Many were produced by significant artists of the time who painted elaborate scenes on them in gold leaf and metallic paints to create detailed, luminous works.
Byobu were usually made in pairs, but finding an intact set of antique Japanese screens like these can prove difficult today.
02 of 10
Hanakago or Ikebana Basket
The hanakago (pronounced han-a-kay-go) is a Japanese bamboo basket used for flowers such as orchids and other floral arrangements. It is traditionally tall and slim (like a vase), with long, looped handles, but can be of varying shapes including half-moon, boats or more fancifully of insects or animals.
These baskets are often made of different colors of bamboo woven in interesting patterns. Originally dating from the Muromachi period (1392-1573), they were many times used in tea ceremonies
Hanakago are sometimes referenced as ikebana baskets.
03 of 10
Jizai Metal Scuptures
Jizai (pronounced gee-zigh) are realistic, often life-sized, animal figures made of iron, bronze, copper or alloys such as copper and gold or copper and silver. The bodies and limbs are articulated and can move like that of the actual creatures they represent ("jizai" means "unencumbered" in Japanese).
This metal craft developed in Japan around 1713 among arms and armor makers and flourished in the 19th century after these craftsmen were forbidden to ply their craft making weapons. Insects, crustaceans (like the very lifelike crab shown here), and birds were all popular forms for jizai, as well as fictional creatures such as dragons.
04 of 10
Kodansu Miniature Chest
A kondansu (pronounced koh-dan-soo) is a type of small (usually no more than six inches in height) cabinet or chest resting on mounts. They are square or rectangular ("kondansu" means "small box-chest" in Japanese). These contain several drawers behind hinged single or double doors, which sometimes can be locked. Kondansu also have a handle on top for easy carrying.
These are often quite ornate, inlaid with elaborate designs in precious metals and lacquered. The designs often carried over to the interior of the chest as well. They were used for storing personal objects dating back at least to the Edo Period (1603-1868) in Japan.
Learn more about Japanese chests, known as tansu, below.Continue to 5 of 10 below.
05 of 10
Kyodai Dressing Mirror
The kyodai (pronounced ki-oh-die, and sometimes spelled kyoudai) is a mirrored Japanese dressing stand or miniature table with multiple drawers. Some kyodai even had a secret compartment located in the back.
Traditional models, dating from the Edo period (1603-1867), had a hand mirror resting on a slanted stand on the top, placed perpendicular to the drawers (so that they would open to the side of the user, not in front). Later models from the Meiji period (1868-1912) had surmounted mirrors, similar to European dressing stands. However, they often remained tall by Western standards—as much as 30 inches high—because they were placed not on tables but the floor, and the user would kneel before them.
06 of 10
Ryōshibako Stationery Box
A ryōshibako (pronounced rye-oh-shee-back-o) is a Japanese square or rectangular box used for storing writing paper, sometimes with a removable shelf. They are typically made of aged wood wrapped in linen or silk and then painted with multiple layers of lacquer.
These beautiful boxes are many times decorated with detailed raised-relief or painted designs inside and out, using gold, silver or mother-of-pearl, with the more ornate design on the interior—exemplifying the Japanese delight in hidden decoration. Sometimes several different types of lacquering techniques were used to create the scenes on, and in, these boxes. These are often companion pieces to suzuribako, which is a box used for writing utensils (see example below).
07 of 10
In a sparsely-decorated Japanese room, an ornate suzuribako (pronounced sue-zer-ee-back-oh) often functioned as a decorative, as well as a functional, item.
This is a Japanese box used for storing writing utensils, with places for an ink stick, a grinding stone, a water dropper, brushes, and a small knife. They are typically made of aged wood wrapped in linen or silk and then painted with multiple layers of lacquer. These are usually rectangular, but can be more exotically shaped - round, crescent or even in the shape of a musical instrument.
The fanciest boxes were adorned with a raised-relief or painted design inside and out, often using gold, silver or mother-of-pearl. These designs often referenced popular fables, poems or legends, or they might depict a famous locale. First imported from China, as early as the 10th century, by the early 1900s they became largely ceremonial, as western pens and pencils became more common.
A small chest with multiple drawers used to store writing instruments is also known as a suzuribako.
08 of 10
The word tansu means cabinetry in Japanese, and in this instance, it references several different types of clever and portable chests. These storage solutions were used in all areas of homes and also for travel (as with the sea chest shown here). Wheeled tansu was used by merchants as well.
Note: The word “tansu” becomes “dansu” when linked with another word to describe the chest's functionality, as with the kondansu mentioned above.
Learn more and view additional examples: A Tally of TansuContinue to 9 of 10 below.
09 of 10
The tebako (pronounced tee-back-oh) is a Japanese accessories box, dating from the 17th century. These antiques are traditionally square or rectangular with a covering lid and made of aged wood that's wrapped in linen or silk and then painted with multiple layers of lacquer. The most elaborate examples were inlaid with precious metal or stones and adorned with a raised-relief or painted design inside and out. These were so meticulously crafted that they could take up to a year to make.
Depending on the use, the tebako has several variations. They could store anything from tea to cosmetics to writing utensils. Originally functional, they have become increasingly used for ceremonial purposes in modern times.
10 of 10
This is a type of low, free-standing screen, with a single panel of paper, wood or silk set on a wood stand with two or four low feet, similar to trestle feet or Chinese elephant trunk legs. The tsuitate (pronounced sue-ta-tay) is often quite ornate, with lacquered frames and intricately painted panels by noted artists. They can be beautifully decorated on both sides.
These functioned as room dividers, or they could be used in entryways to protect against drafts in homes. When used in shops, they could function as a sign or a way of separating the business/public area from the residential/private area. One of the oldest types of Japanese screens, the tsuitate dates as far back as the 7th century
Special thanks to Troy Segal as a contributing writer for her assistance with this feature.