Steam Locomotives for Model Trains

Steam engines are quite popular when it comes to model trains of all scales. Unlike diesels, which were often built to multi-task, most steam locomotives were specialized machines. So if you're looking to add steam to your roster, these links will help you match the right engine to the job and complete the story for your model railroad. 

  • 01 of 11

    Passenger Steam

    Reading and Northern Pacific No. 425 leads an excursion through the beautiful Lehigh Gorge. Although not a true USRA light Pacific, the locomotive is similar in design. ©2013 Ryan C Kunkle, licensed to, Inc.

    Whether its the crack varnish or the local commuter, passenger steam locomotives needed to balance power and speed. The best did it with a style and flair that was bigger than life and left a lasting impression on our lives and our art. These locomotives will be the pride of your fleet too.

  • 02 of 11

    Freight Steam

    In a scene very much like one which could be found on this railroad, a Russian Decapod steam locomotive (Bachmann) drills hoppers at the mine (Walthers New River Mine with added details.). ©2013 Ryan C Kunkle, licensed to, Inc.

    Raw power at its best, steam locomotives assigned to freight service could shake the ground and stir the senses with their immense size and sound. From small locals to heavy coal drags to fast merchandise forwarders, all freight trains and freight locomotives were not created equal.

  • 03 of 11

    Dual Service Steam

    York 4-4-0
    The "York" recalls the era when President Lincoln rode the Northern Central's rails to deliver "a little speech" in Gettysburg. The beautiful locomotive was completed in 2013 - 150 years later. ©2013 Ryan C Kunkle, licensed to, Inc.

    There were some locomotives that could cross the line between passenger and freight work. From lighter locomotives that could handle smaller "mixed" trains to the large high-speed freight engines that could pinch hit on a heavy passenger train, these versatile iron horses could roam wherever needed. 

  • 04 of 11

    Steam Switchers

    Reading 1251
    Reading 1251, an O-6-0T, has the distinction of being the last steam locomotive retired by a Class 1 railroad in the US. Used until the 1960s in the Reading Shops, it later pulled excursion trains(with an added tender!). ©2013 Ryan C Kunkle, licensed to, Inc.

    It wasn't all glory out on the main line. Steam ruled the yards and the docks too. These smaller switchers toiled long hours making up freight and passenger trains and delivering freight to customers. While the big articulated monsters and streamliners stole the spotlight, there's nothing like the sights and sounds of a switch engine starting a heavy cut of cars. 

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  • 05 of 11

    Geared Steam

    Not all Shay's were small and light. Western Maryland No. 6 is the largest Shay ever built and one of a small few built for common carrier railroads. ©2013 Ryan C Kunkle, licensed to, Inc.

    For power you could take anywhere, geared steam locomotives provided the perfect solution in an often unorthodox design. Most common in logging, mining and industrial operations, these interesting machines could climb hills and navigate tracks that would derail traditional steam. These locomotives have developed a sort of cult following among steam fans and modelers—once you see one in action it's easy to see why.

  • 06 of 11

    Fireless Steam

    Aside from being a "fireless" steam locomotive, Bethlehem Steel 111 is typical of the size of most 0-4-0's. The locomotive did not generate its own steam and therefor lacks a tender or water tanks (or a boiler for that matter!). ©2013 Ryan C Kunkle, licensed to, Inc.

    Steam without fire? These locomotives fed off a stationary boiler for the ultimate in operating efficiency and safety. They were so efficient many lasted decades longer in service than their conventionally-boilered brethren.

  • 07 of 11


    A G Gauge 2-4-4-2 Mallet shows a typical look for these lighter articulateds used on many logging railroads. ©2014 Ryan C Kunkle, licensed to, Inc.

    Although the term is sometimes applied to all articulated steam locomotives, a true Mallet uses exhausted steam from one set of pistons to power a second set for added efficiency. Mallets came in a variety of sizes and wheel arrangements. Their ability to pull heavy loads and navigate tighter curves makes them a popular modeling choice.

  • 08 of 11

    Classifying Steam

    Santa Fe 1880 is preserved near the rail yard in Newton, Kansas. The AT&SF was one of the few large American railroads which made big use of the Prairie type. ©2013 Ryan C Kunkle, licensed to, Inc.

    Steam locomotives are identified and named by their wheel arrangement. The Whyte system makes it easy to organize your stable. 

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  • 09 of 11

    Servicing Steam

    Although it was built to serve steam, several turntables continue to spin modern locomotives. ©2013 Ryan C Kunkle, licensed to, Inc.

    If steam had a downfall, it would be the nearly constant need for maintenance. Servicing steam locomotives required an army of workers and many specialized buildings. These can make for some interesting modeling projects as well.

  • 10 of 11

    Caring for Model Steam Locomotives

    Proper lubrication can keep a locomotive running for a long time. ©2012 Ryan C Kunkle, licensed to, Inc.

    Just like the real thing, your model steam locomotives need to be cared for, too. While you don't need a roundhouse or coaling tower, this article will give you the how-to on keeping your locomotives humming along on the rails. 

  • 11 of 11

    Tank Engines

    On30 Porter
    This small Porter tank engine is about as cute as a model train can get. The instant popularity of Bachmann's On30 scale is easy to understand. ©2011 Ryan C Kunkle, licensed to, Inc.

    Tank engines weren't just a child's favorite companion. Loading the water and fuel supply on the locomotive instead of a separate tender conserved space and added weight for traction. Tank engines came in all sizes, from 0-4-0s to Mallets.

If you're serious about adding a steam engine to your collection, see if you can take a look at some of these models in person so that you can decide on your favorite one. Many areas have model train associations and clubs where you can learn more about these engines and other model train accessories. It's a great way to make friends with similar interests, too.