The Idaho State Quarter

The Idaho State Quarter is the 43rd Coin in the Statehood Quarter Series

The Idaho State Quarter 2007 Reverse
The 2007 Idaho State Quarter. Image Courtesy of: The United States Mint,

The Idaho State Quarter was released on June 5, 2007, and is the 43rd coin in the U.S. Mint's 50 State Quarter Dollar series. The coin features a Peregrine Falcon as the main device, with an outline of the State of Idaho to its lower right. The State Motto, Esto Perpetua, ("Let it be Perpetual,") also appears. The reverse design of the coin was engraved by Norm Nemeth.

Idaho State Quarter Design Selection Process

The choice of the Peregrine Falcon for the main design device on the Idaho Quarter strikes most people as being odd, and with good reason. The Peregrine Falcon isn't even the Idaho State Bird; the Mountain Bluebird has this honor. Idaho is best known for its incomparable potatoes, and its pristine wilderness areas, both of which would have been popular design choices for the Idaho State Quarter.

More than 1,200 design suggestions were submitted to the Idaho Commission of the Arts, which narrowed them down to ten semi-finalists. These semi-finalist designs were forwarded to Idaho's then-Governor Dirk Kempthorne, who had his choice of five of them rendered into formal design narratives. The U.S. Mint invited artists to submit designs for three of the narratives, resulting in proposed coins featuring (a) the Peregrine Falcon; (b) the tapestry of farmland; and (c) lyrics to the State Song.

Why is the Peregrine Falcon on the Idaho Quarter?

Once again, Governor Kempthorne retained the last word, selecting the Peregrine Falcon design from among these final three coin choices. The Peregrine Falcon, while a noble and beautiful bird, has no particular resonance to the average Idaho citizen. This falcon is found living in the wild virtually the world over; it is native to every continent, except Antarctica. The apparent justification for this design choice is that a peregrine conservation organization based in Idaho is credited with doing a lot of work to save the Peregrine Falcon habitat and population in the American Northwest. While this is certainly worthy work, does it really deserve to stand as the enduring symbol of all Idahoans on our nation's coinage?

Idaho State Quarter Facts

  • The Idaho Quarter design includes an outline of the State of Idaho, with a star denoting the State Capitol, Boise.
  • Idaho was admitted to the Union on July 3, 1890 as the 43rd state.
  • The Idaho State Motto, Esto Perpetua, gained popular currency as the motto of the Venetian Republic during the 17th century. It was selected for Idaho shortly after Idaho was admitted to the Union.
  • The word "Idaho" was once thought to have come from a Native American term meaning "gem of the mountain," but this has now been thoroughly discredited by scholars as a probable hoax. The true origin of the word "Idaho" is unknown.

Fascinating Facts About the State of Idaho

  • The world's first-ever ski chair-lift was erected in Sun Valley, Idaho, in 1936.
  • There are fewer people living in the entire state of Idaho (1.4 million) than there are in the top 9 U.S. metropolitan areas alone.
  • Idaho was the last area of the United States landmass to be sighted by European settlers when it was first seen in 1805 by the members of the Lewis & Clark Expedition.
  • The word "Idaho" (which has no previous meaning) was originally meant for the state that became Colorado. Colorado would have been the name for what is now Montana (and perhaps Montana would have become the name for Idaho!)
  • Potatoes are not indigenous to Idaho. In fact, they weren't even grown there until 1836!


Edited by: James Bucki