A Guide to the Railroad Cross-Stitch Technique

Cross-stitch pattern and needle
Photo by Cathy Scola / Getty Images
  • Skill Level: Beginner

Railroad stitching is a term used to describe a specific stitching technique. Railroading smooths the floss of your stitches so that the strands lie side-by-side, making it look like the rails of a railroad track. The strands of stitches made without this technique may twist around each other, with one strand hiding behind another. Railroad stitching ensures the strands are flat against the fabric.

It takes a little more time to execute railroad stitching, but the smoother stitches mean better floss coverage and can help keep strands—like those fun metallic ones—from getting knotted. On top of that, it makes your work look more professional. Give it a try, practice a little, and see what you think of the results. Make sure you look at pieces before you did the stitch and after to see the difference. Once you do, you will want to continue using this technique for every project.


When working a project, choose either railroad all the stitches or none of them. Mixing techniques will result in inconsistent stitches and an inconsistent result.

What You'll Need

Equipment / Tools

  • Tapestry needle, size 24
  • Embroidery hoop sized for practice cloth
  • Small sharp scissors
  • Second larger tapestry needle for railroading


  • 11-count Aida fabric
  • Six-strand embroidery floss


  1. Basic Railroad Technique

    Hoop the fabric. Cut a 12-inch length of floss and separate out two strands. Thread them through your tapestry needle. Make your first cross-stitch as you usually do, for comparison.

    Bring the needle up through a square to begin the first half of the next stitch, then take it down to make the second half. Use the tip of the larger tapestry needle to separate the strands such that they lie side by side.


    You can either use a larger tapestry needle or a laying tool, which is specifically designed to smooth stitches.

    Make the second half of the stitch, then use the tip of the larger tapestry to railroad it. Compare the two stitches.

    Use the tip of the larger tapestry needle to separate the strands so they lie side by side.
    The Spruce / Connie G. Barwick
  2. Use the Stab Method

    For best results, use the stab method. This involves moving the hand back and forth from the front of the fabric to the back of the fabric. The needle is "stabbed" into the front of the fabric, left there, and then pulled through from the other side.

    Use the stab method
    The Spruce / Connie G. Barwick
  3. Keep Practicing

    Work a few more stitches, then try railroading as you stitch. Bring the needle up to begin half a stitch. Use the tip of your needle to separate the strands, continuing the motion to take the needle down to finish the half stitch.

    It may seem a little tedious, but with practice, you will get faster. It will be a part of your everyday stitching, and you will see how much better your work looks.

    Practice a railroad stitch
    The Spruce / Connie G. Barwick


    When you try railroading, remember to watch your stitch tension. After you smooth the stitch, you may want to pull it a little tighter. It is easy to focus on a new technique so much that you forget basic stitching skills.

  4. Variation: Smooth Only the Top Stitches

    You may choose to only railroad the top half of the cross-stitch. You will sacrifice floss coverage for the lower half stitches, but the project will look better. If you are trying to save floss, do both halves.

    Railroad the top stitch
    The Spruce / Connie G. Barwick