How to Crochet for Beginners

Crochet Heart Round 3 - SC Stitches

The Spruce / Mollie Johanson

The delicate art of crocheting is a lifelong skill that you'll use to make beautiful gifts for others and items for your home and wardrobe. Start by learning a couple of basic stitches, and build on that with more advanced basic stitches. First, figure out what size and style hook feels most comfortable for you. Then, start with simple yarns and beginner patterns, and you'll be a pro in no time.


Watch Now: 4 Handy Beginner Crochet Stitches

  • 01 of 12

    Crochet Hooks

    Crochet Infinity Scarf Supplies

    The Spruce / Mollie Johanson

    You don't need many supplies to get started with crochet. The key item is the crochet hook, and there are plenty of different sizes and types. When you're choosing a beginner crochet hook, opt for one made out of aluminum because the yarn will make the yarn easily glide. The three basic crochet supplies you'll need include:

    • An aluminum crochet hook​ size I-9 or H-8, whichever feels best in your hand
    • A skein or ball of wool or acrylic yarn
    • Scissors

    Crochet Hooks from The Spruce Crafts

  • 02 of 12

    How to Hold a Crochet Hook

    Holding a Crochet Hook Knife-Style Right-Handed

    The Spruce / Mollie Johanson

    Begin by holding your crochet hook like you would hold a pencil, with your thumb and index finger squeezing the hook at the little indentation in the middle known as a finger hold. You can slide your third finger up towards the tip of the hook for comfort and control. The hook will be turned slightly towards you, but it shouldn't be facing downward or upward.

    Holding a Crochet Hook from The Spruce Crafts

  • 03 of 12

    How to Make a Slip Knot for Crochet

    How to Make a Slip Knot in Crochet

    The Spruce / Mollie Johanson

    Tying a slip knot onto the crochet hook is one of the very first things you need to know to get started with crocheting. It's the way you'll cast the yarn onto the hook so you can start crocheting. Quickly twist and loop the yarn onto the hook, wrap the yarn under the hook and pull it through the loop to tighten. Don't worry if it's awkward at first; just keep practicing and it'll get easier.

    Slip Knot from The Spruce Crafts

  • 04 of 12

    How to Crochet a Chain Stitch

    How to Chain Stitch in Crochet

    The Spruce / Mollie Johanson

    Beginning crocheters usually start by learning the chain stitch first. The chain stitch is one of the most important basic stitches you'll need to know because they form the foundation of most crochet projects. In a pattern, the abbreviation for the chain stitch is "ch," or sometimes "chs" for the plural form. You'll usually see "ch" followed by a number. For example, ch 135 means that you should crochet 135 chain stitches.

    The Chain Stitch from The Spruce Crafts

    Continue to 5 of 12 below.
  • 05 of 12

    How to Single Crochet

    How to Single Crochet

    The Spruce / Mollie Johanson

    After you've learned the chain stitch, you'll learn the essential single crochet stitch. The abbreviation in a pattern for the single crochet stitch is "sc," usually along with the number of stitches you'll need to make.

    Single Crochet Stitch from The Spruce Crafts

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    Free Single Crochet Stitch Patterns

    Working the Face Scrubbies in Rounds

    The Spruce / Mollie Johanson

    Now that you know how to do a slip knot and basic stitches, you're ready to tackle a beginner project. You can start on a scarf or even a baby blanket designed for new crocheters. Some beginner patterns may be written without abbreviations for simplification. When you begin your first project, take it slow, and be patient with yourself. It's okay if you have to start over from the beginning of the pattern if needed.

    Free Single Crochet Stitch Patterns from The Spruce Crafts

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    Learn the Double Crochet Stitch

    How to Double Crochet

    The Spruce / Mollie Johanson

    You can take your crochet skill to the next level by learning the double crochet stitch. You'll be able to create granny squares for afghans when you learn this stitch. Practice making little swatches until your double crochet stitches are even. The abbreviation in patterns for the double crochet stitch is "dc," plus the specified number of double crochet stitches.

    Double Crochet Stitch from The Spruce Crafts

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    Free Classic Granny Square Pattern

    How to Crochet a Granny Square

    The Spruce / Kathryn Vercillo

    Clusters of double crochet stitches create a granny square. The granny square is the foundation of a crocheted item, from blankets to pillow covers and you can even sew them together to create a warm and cozy doggie sweater. Make them one color or multicolored, but whatever color scheme you decide, just know you're becoming a better crocheter with every square you create.

    Classic Granny Square Pattern from The Spruce Crafts

    Continue to 9 of 12 below.
  • 09 of 12

    Learn How to Make a Slip Stitch

    Add Surface Decoration With Slip Stitch

    The Spruce / Mollie Johanson

    Slip stitches serve multiple purposes in crocheting. They join pieces together, create simple finished edges, and can be used as a decorative element on the surface of a crocheted piece. In addition, you can use the stitch in rows to create a dense material. Crocheting a fabric made of the slip stitch is called Bosnian Crochet (or sometimes a variety of other names).

    Slip Stitch from The Spruce Crafts

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    Learn More Basic Crochet Stitches

    Learn How to Work the Basic Crochet Stitches

    The Spruce / Mollie Johanson

    Add to your crochet skills by learning more basic stitches, including the half double stitch which results in a herringbone, the treble (or the triple crochet stitch) that creates a taller stitch, and the Tunisian crochet stitch that can create a look that resembles a knit fabric. 

    Basic Crochet Stitches from The Spruce Crafts

  • 11 of 12

    Single Crochet Edging Tutorial

    Finished Crochet Infinity Scarf

    The Spruce / Mollie Johanson

    Finishing techniques are an important part of crocheting. In addition to the slip stitch that adds a simple edging, you'll want to know how to make wide or narrow edgings. The easiest edging to made from the single crochet stitch. It's a terrific solution, even for rounded edges.

    Single Crochet Edging Tutorial from The Spruce Crafts

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    Learning How to Crochet Left-Handed

    Learning How to Crochet Left-Handed.

    The Spruce / Michael Solovay

    You can be left-handed and crochet, too. Traditional patterns were written for right-handed crocheters, but many contemporary patterns include instructions for left-handed artisans. You'll find plenty of tips and tricks to help you along the way, and most importantly, you'll also find numerous fellow lefty crocheters to bond with and learn from.

    Left-Handed Crochet from The Spruce Crafts