How to Crochet a Classic Granny Square

Free Pattern Plus Instructions, Tips and Hacks

Crochet Granny Square, Round 3
Kathryn Vercillo

The granny square is the classic crochet motif. In fact, it is often one of the first things that a person masters as they begin learning how to crochet. Nevertheless, there are plenty of people who start by learning to crochet rows and don't yet know how to crochet the granny square. This can happen even if you have been crocheting for years.

Wherever you are in your crochet journey, this free granny square pattern will help you learn to make this motif. It also points you to all of the resources that you might need to expand upon the classic crochet granny square in order to take it to the next level.

  • 01 of 21

    Understanding the Crochet Granny Square

    How to Crochet a Granny Square
    Kathryn Vercillo

    Before we get started, let's talk about what "granny square" means.

    Many people use the term to refer to any type of crocheted square. However, the strict definition of the granny square refers to the crochet pattern that you'll learn in this tutorial. You can then go on to learn many different variations on the square but this is your building block for the motif.

    This classic crochet granny square is worked in the round. It is made up of double crochet stitches that are crocheted in sets of three. Each set is separated by a chain of two.

    It's okay if this sounds confusing at first - just keep it in the back of your mind as we begin.

  • 02 of 21

    Granny Square Pattern: Materials

    Yarn and Hook
    Kathryn Vercillo

    It is really easy to crochet a granny square. All that you need is yarn and a crochet hook.

    You can crochet a granny square using any type of yarn at all and use any size crochet hook (although it always works best if you use the crochet hook that is recommended for the weight of your yarn, which is information that you can locate on your yarn label).

    Many people begin by working with a worsted weight yarn and a size H crochet hook.

  • 03 of 21

    Start Granny Square with a Slip Knot

    Crochet Slip Knot
    Kathryn Vercillo

    The crochet granny square begins, as do almost all crochet projects, by making a slip knot on your crochet hook. 

  • 04 of 21

    Chain Three to Begin Your Crochet Granny Square

    Chain 3
    Kathryn Vercillo

    You will discover that there are different options for starting a crochet granny square. However, the method that we use tends to be the most common method and is a good place to begin. So, you will begin with a chain 3.

    Continue to 5 of 21 below.
  • 05 of 21

    First Double Crochet Set for Granny Square Pattern

    Double Crochet Cluster for Granny Square
    Kathryn Vercillo

    As mentioned before, crochet granny squares are made up of groups of dc stitches. Each set consists of three side-by-side double crochet stitches. The "chain 3" that you completed in Step 4 above counts as your first double crochet stitch, so now you need to crochet two double crochet stitches right next to it.

    Well, how do you do that? You simply crochet two dc stitches into the base chain of the chain three. So, yarn over, insert your hook into the first chain (furthest from the hook), yarn over again, and complete the double crochet.

    Then repeat that one more time. You should now have what looks like three dc stitches next to each other in your first group.

  • 06 of 21

    Chain Two for a Space in your Granny Square Pattern

    Chain 2
    Kathryn Vercillo

    Each set of three double crochet stitches will be separated by a chain of two. Therefore, you should now chain two.

  • 07 of 21

    Second Double Crochet Set for Granny Square Pattern

    Crochet Granny Square Corners
    Kathryn Vercillo

    It's time to make your next set of three double crochet stitches. So you're going to crochet 3 dc stitches into the base of the first chain three. Yes, that's in the exact same spot where you already made the other double crochet stitches from the previous grouping. That's where all of the stitches will be worked in this first round.

    Remember that your dc groups are always separated by a chain two, and since you just finished a set, you have to chain two. Every time you finish a set of 3 dc, you will chain two.

  • 08 of 21

    Third Double Crochet Set for Granny Square Pattern

    Granny Square Crochet Third Corner
    Kathryn Vercillo

    It's time to make your third group. So you're just going to repeat step 7 above. (When you have done that, you should have three groups of dc clusters, as shown in the image here.) Don't forget to chain two at the end.

    Continue to 9 of 21 below.
  • 09 of 21

    Final Double Crochet Set for Granny Square Pattern

    How to Crochet Granny Square
    Kathryn Vercillo

    To get that square shape you need to crochet four sets of dc and four corners (the chain 2 stitches are your corners). So go ahead and make your final cluster by repeating step 8.

  • 10 of 21

    Slip Stitch to Close Round One

    Crochet Granny Square Round One
    Kathryn Vercillo

    After you've finished Step 8, you're going to have chain 2 hanging loose. To close the round and create your square shape, you're going to slip stitch into the top of the first ch 3.

    What does this mean? When you started the clusters, your first dc of the first cluster was a chain three. Slip stitch into the third chain, which is the chain at the top. In other words, slip stitch into the top of the first double crochet that you see closest to you as you're working around.

    You have now completed the first round of your crochet granny square pattern. It should have four clusters of 3 dc stitches each, four corners of 2 ch each and it should be a square shape.

    Recap round 1

    So, just to recap, the first round of your granny square is:

    1. Ch 3
    2. 2 dc in third ch from hook
    3. Ch 2
    4. 3 dc in third ch from hook (same sp as before)
    5. ​Ch 2
    6. Repeat steps 4-5 twice each
    7. Sl st to top of ch 3 to close round.
  • 11 of 21

    Chain 3 to Begin Round 2 of Granny Square Pattern

    Chain 3 for Granny Square
    Kathryn Vercillo

    You can grow your granny square as large as you want. This is where you learn how to start growing it. It always begins with a "chain three". As with the first round, this serves as the first double crochet of the very first set. So, chain three to begin this round.

  • 12 of 21

    Complete the First Double Crochet Set

    Granny Square Crochet Corner
    Kathryn Vercillo

    Now it's time to finish that set, which means that you have to put two double crochet stitches right next to the one that you've just made. So double crochet into the chain space; you will work into the open corner that is immediately below where you started your chain three, inserting the double crochet stitches immediately to the left (if you're right-handed) of the stitch in basically the same spot where that chain three is. You will now have a cluster of 3 dc in the first corner, although the first one will look slightly different from the other two because it was created as a chain three.

    Continue to 13 of 21 below.
  • 13 of 21

    Crochet The Next Corner of Granny Square Pattern

    Crochet Granny Square Corners
    Kathryn Vercillo

    Now it's time to crochet the next corner of your granny square. First, chain two to get to the corner.

    Now you're going to work into the chain 2 space of the next corner. In that space, you will make 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc.

    So crochet three double crochet stitches, chain two in between them and then crochet another 3 double crochet stitches, all in the same spot in the corner.

    This is ALWAYS how you are going to crochet every corner of your granny square from here on out, with the exception of the starting corner.

  • 14 of 21

    Repeat For Next Corner of Granny Square

    Granny Square Crochet
    Kathryn Vercillo

    Repeat step 13 in the next corner and you'll now have your starting corner and two completed corners.

  • 15 of 21

    Granny Square Pattern: Repeat for Third Corner

    Crocheting Granny Squares
    Kathryn Vercillo

    Repeat step 13 again. So now you've got your starting corner and three finished corners.

    Remember to finish this step with a chain 2 because you always chain 2 after every set of double crochet stitches, right?

  • 16 of 21

    How to Complete a Round of the Granny Square Pattern

    Learning to Crochet Granny Squares
    Kathryn Vercillo

    If you pause for a moment and think about it, what you've been doing in each corner is 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc. What you did in the first starting corner, however, is to create three dc stitches, so the first half of that is already done. What you need to do to finish the granny square is add the ch 2 and the other cluster of double crochet stitches. 

    So, in this step, make 3 dc stitches into the same corner that the first set of clusters is already in. Then chain two, because you always chain two after a cluster of double crochet stitches. Finally, slip stitch to the top of the first chain three to close the round. Your final corner should now look like all of the others.

    Recap round 2

    1. Ch 3. 2 dc in same corner sp.
    2. Working in next corner sp: 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc
    3. Repeat step 2 twice.
    4. Ch 2.
    5. 3 dc in starting corner.
    6. Ch 2.
    7. Sl st to top of first ch 3 to close round.
    Continue to 17 of 21 below.
  • 17 of 21

    Chain 3 to Begin Next Round of Granny Square Pattern

    Next Round, Crochet Granny Square
    Kathryn Vercillo

    You are going to begin a new round, in the same way, every single time. So just repeat steps 11 and 12.

  • 18 of 21

    Double Crochet Set on the Side

    Edge of Crochet Granny Square
    Kathryn Vercillo

    You will notice that as the granny square grows, there aren't just corners to work into; there are also edges. 

    Remember how you crocheted 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc into every corner? Well, you only do the first part of it on every edge space. So you'll just crochet 3 dc stitches into the edge. And of course, you'll then ch 2 because you always chain two after your dc group.

    So, assuming that you're right-handed, you'll see an open space where there's a chain two from the previous row. It's along the edge counterclockwise from your starting corner. That's where you crochet the 3 dc for this step.

  • 19 of 21

    Next Corner for Granny Square Crochet Pattern

    Granny Square
    Kathryn Vercillo

    Continuing on counterclockwise (or clockwise if you're left handed), you'll notice that next up is a corner. Put 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc in the corner.

  • 20 of 21

    And Continue On With Your Crochet Granny Square Pattern

    Crochet Granny Square, Round 3
    Kathryn Vercillo

    Now you know everything that you need to know about how to crochet a granny square. Continue to work your corners (3dc, ch 2 2dc) and your edges (3 dc) all the way around. When you reach the last corner, which was also the starting corner, repeat step 16 to finish that round.

    As you grow the granny square larger, there will be more groups of dc along each edge before you reach each corner. Don't worry, you already know how to make them and can grow the granny as big as you want now!

    Recap round 3

    1. Ch 3. 2 dc in same corner sp.
    2. 3 dc in next ch-2 sp. Ch 2.
    3. Working in next corner sp: 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc
    4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 twice.
    5. Ch 2.
    6. 3 dc in starting corner.
    7. Ch 2.
    8. Sl st to top of first ch 3 to close round.​

    How to Crochet round 4

    1. Ch 3. 2 dc in same corner sp.
    2. 3 dc in next ch-2 sp. Ch 2.
    3. Repeat step 2.
    4. Working in next corner sp: 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc
    5. Repeat steps 2 - 4 twice.
    6. Ch 2.
    7. 3 dc in starting corner.
    8. Ch 2.
    9. Sl st to top of first ch 3 to close round.

    Subsequent rounds will have one extra "step 3" for each round (so in round 5, "step 3" is "repeat step 2 twice" ... in round 6 "step 3" is "repeat step 3 three times" and so on.)

    Continue to 21 of 21 below.
  • 21 of 21

    Taking It Further With Crochet Granny Squares

    Granny Square Crochet
    Kathryn Vercillo

    The instructions in this particular crochet tutorial are for making a classic crochet granny square in a single color. But once you know how to do that, you can take it further by ​changing colors in each round.

    And here are some other things you can learn in granny square crochet: