How to Crochet Brick Stitch

A "Crazy Stitch" Variation on Crochet Shell Stitch

The crochet brick stitch is a vintage stitch pattern that has been called by a few different names over the years. Whether you call it the crazy stitch, the crazy shell, or the brick stitch, this crochet stitch is fun to work and attractive to the eye. It is made using basic crochet stitches, so an advanced beginner should be able to crochet this stitch without a problem.

A Crochet Shell Stitch

This stitch is considered to be a version of the crochet shell stitch. However, it is more rectangular than traditional shell due to the unique placement and directionality of the double crochet stitches. The shape is why it is usually called brick stitch; it looks a bit like a brick.

Types of Crochet Brick Stitch

It can be confusing when you look up crochet stitches because they may have the same name and be a different stitch—definitely true with crochet brick stitch. So you might see a "brick stitch" pattern that looks different from what you see here; they are both different patterns that have been named brick stitch over the years because they both look like bricks. To make things even more confusing, there are variations of other stitches in "brick" version such as the Crochet V-Stitch in Brick Repeat. Despite this, it is very common for the stitch described here to be called the brick stitch. To differentiate it from other brick stitches it is best to call it "crazy" stitch, which almost always refers to this stitch pattern and not any other crochet stitch out there.

Diagonal Box Stitch

The pattern made with brick stitches looks a little bit like corner-to-corner crochet, also called diagonal box stitch, but the effect is achieved by working in rows rather than on the diagonal. Some designers have mixed up the two, so you will occasionally see patterns that provide the crazy stitch instructions but call it the c2c stitch. If it's worked on the diagonal (with the first "row" being just one box, the next two boxes, etc.) then it's the corner-to-corner stitch; if it's worked in true rows then it's the crazy crochet stitch or the brick stitch. Yes, the names get confusing, but don't worry because the instructions are easy to follow!

  • 01 of 06

    Crazy Stitch: Row 1

    Crazy Crochet Stitch, Row 1
    Kathryn Vercillo

    Begin with a foundation chain that is a multiple of 3 + 1. (For example, try a starting chain of 19, which is 3 times 6 + 1.) Then follow these instructions:

    • 3 dc in 4th ch from hook
    • Sk 3, sc in next ch, ch 3, 3 dc in same ch
    • Repeat the previous step all the way across the row
    • Sc in last ch
  • 02 of 06

    Crazy Stitch: Row 2

    Crazy Stitch: Row 2
    Kathryn Vercillo

    This row (and all subsequent rows) will use the following pattern:

    • Turn and ch 3
    • 3 dc in the sc that ended the previous row
    • Sc in next ch-3 sp, ch 3, 3 dc in same ch-3 sp
    • Repeat the previous step across row until you reach the final ch-3 sp of the row. Do not repeat the steps in that final ch-3 sp.
    • Work one sc in final ch-3 of the row.
  • 03 of 06

    Crazy Stitch: Additional Rows

    Five Rows of Crazy Stitch
    Kathryn Vercillo

    All additional rows for the crazy stitch are completed using the instructions for row 2. It is really an easy stitch pattern to learn and one that can become quite meditative once you have gotten the hang of it.

    You can see here why it's called brick stitch; the individual boxes are brick-shaped. You can also see why it's called "crazy stitch" since those boxes are set in a way that looks a little off-kilter. The result is an undulating graphic design.

  • 04 of 06

    Crazy Stitch Variation with No Foundation Chain

    There is a method of beginning this stitch pattern that allows you to start without crocheting a foundation chain, which is unique in crochet. It is a great choice when working with a dark colored yarn or a textured novelty yarn that can make it difficult to see where to work the stitches into the chain.

    Here is the pattern for working crazy shells without a starting chain:

    1. Ch 6. Join with a sl st to the first ch. Ch 3 (counts as a dc). 2 dc in ch-6 sp.
    2. Repeat step one until you have as many blocks as you want for your crochet pattern!

    That's row 1. You'll work row 2 as normal except that you don't have a sc to work your first stitches into so you need to work them into the base where the sc would typically be.

    Continue to 5 of 6 below.
  • 05 of 06

    Crazy Shell Stitch History

    Instructions for the crazy shell stitch were printed in A Treatise on Embroidery, Crochet and Knitting, published in 1899. Fleisher's Knitting & Crocheting Manual of 1917 published the instructions but called it just "crazy stitch". The stitch is considered a vintage stitch, especially when it goes by the name "crazy stitch". Some might find this name offensive due to its mental health connotations, so it may be more appropriate to call it crochet brick stitch.

  • 06 of 06

    Changing Colors in Crochet Brick Stitch

    Although the brick stitch is shown in a single color for these instructions, this is a crochet stitch that works really well when you change colors from row to row. The unique directionality of the stitches really shows up when you contrast one row with the next using smart color choices.

    Try it in black and white to get a really graphic design or work a selection of rainbow colors for something a little bit wild and crazy! It also looks interesting when worked in a variegated or print yarn. Play around with the options to make brick stitch even more unique.