Garry Winogrand is known as the master of street photography, otherwise known as candid shots of human life.
Growing up in New York City, Winogrand had a great canvas for his art. New York’s bustling city center and the diversity of its American population were inspiring to Winogrand and helped him to garner his signature style. While Winogrand is known for his expressive photography, this self-expression originally came in the form of painting.
The College Years
At age 20, Winogrand began his studies at the City College of New York where he focused on realistic portraiture. However, finding himself more interested in real life than artistic renderings of the subject, Winogrand decided to pursue photojournalism at Columbia University. It was at Columbia that Winogrand was able to truly flourish. He took to the streets of New York almost daily where he was able to capture human life at its most rare and vulnerable states.
His Early Work
In the early 1960’s Winogrand earned accolades for displaying the struggles of American life and was asked to take part in an exhibition at the esteemed Museum of Modern Art or “MOMA” in New York City. Showing alongside such notable photographers as Minor White and Jerome Liebling, Winogrand’s talent was brought to light. It was at this showing that Winogrand was able to make connections and what led to his next MOMA show alongside photography great Diane Arbus.
The way in which Winogrand harnessed his talents is thanks to his inspirations. These inspirations include Walker Evans and Robert Frank. Walker Evans, who published “American Photographs”, influenced Winogrand through his documentation of life’s harsh and often grueling moments.
Robert Frank, who published “The Americans”, influenced Winogrand through his isolated portrayal of the average citizen and society in post-war America. Both of these artists gave viewers a look at America in a way which was original and unique, and that is the core principle which helped to spark the fire within Garry Winogrand.
The tool that Winogrand used to capture this intimate America was a 35mm Leica camera with a pre-focused wide angle lens. His style is characterized by his rapid-fire capture technique where he would take many pictures within a short amount of time. It is this style that gave his work a deep sense of frantic energy and is what makes Winogrand unique.
Conquering the Publishing World
The first publication by Winogrand is entitled, “The Animals”. This book, published in 1969, featured photos taken at the Bronx Zoo and Coney Island Aquarium in which Winogrand used the animals to display a visual similarity to human nature. His next book, “Public Relations”, released in 1977, encapsulated the distinctive relationship between a photographer and his subject. In 1980, a book entitled, “Stock Photographs” was put together by Winogrand which profiled the evolution of public relations within the United States.
Recognized for his Talents
Thanks to his revealing street photography, people were able to connect with his art in a social context. Because of these heartfelt expressions, Winogrand earned numerous awards. These awards have included three Guggenheim Fellowship Awards in the years of 1964, 1969, and 1979, and a National Endowment of the Arts Award in 1979. In order to share his love of photography and the human condition with others, Winogrand began teaching at the University of Texas and the Art Institute of Chicago.
A Life Ended Early
Unfortunately, Winogrand’s life was cut short when in 1984, at the age of 56, he died of gallbladder cancer. This life, while short, was heavily influential in the world of photography and society as a whole. Thanks to Garry Winogrand’s constant capturing of his surroundings, many rolls of film have been found undeveloped within his collection.
Some of these photos, along with his most notable ones, continue to travel the globe and influence generations to come.
Garry Winogrand Masters of Photography: http://www.masters-of-photography.com/W/winogrand/winogrand_articles2.html
Garry Winogrand J.Paul Getty Museum: http://www.getty.edu/art/collection/artists/1798/garry-winogrand-american-1928-1984/