Feather and Fan is a classic knitting stitch pattern that sometimes causes confusion among knitters. That's because there's another common stitch pattern, Old Shale, that is so similar that the two terms are often used interchangeably even though they don't produce the exact same fabric.
Some knitters use either term when talking about a scalloped fabric formed with yarn overs separated from their corresponding decreases, and some people call both patterns Feather and Fan, which is why it is sometimes confusing.
The Difference Between Feather and Fan and Old Shale
Feather and Fan and Old Shale are both traditional Shetland stitch patterns, and they're worked in similar ways, but they are not the same pattern.
The website Northern Lace has a good discussion of the differences, but the easiest way to spot the difference in a stitch pattern is that real Feather and Fan is worked in multiples of 14 stitches, while Old Shale is worked on multiples of 18 stitches.
In her Treasury of Knitting Patterns, Barbara G. Walker calls the 18-stitch pattern "Feather and Fan Stitch, or Old Shale," and notes that the basic premise of pattern is so simple there are dozens of variations and "it is said that in the Shetland Islands no two families of knitters work the pattern alike."
When searching Ravelry you will find a lot more patterns looking for Feather and Fan than you will if you search Old Shale, even though they mostly all use what's actually the Old Shale pattern.
No matter, let's take a look at both patterns.
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How to Knit Old Shale
Old Shale, then, is worked on multiples of 18 stitches.
Row 1: Knit.
Row 2: Purl.
Row 4: Knit.
Repeat these four rows for pattern.
How to Knit Feather and Fan
Feather and Fan is worked on multiples of 14. Northern Lace describes it as so:
Row 1: k4tog, yo, [k1, yo] five times, k4togtbl, p1. Repeat as needed across the row.
Row 2: Knit
It's no wonder people don't knit this version as often, because a knit four together through the back loops sounds pretty awful, doesn't it?
Old Shale and Feather and Fan Knitting Patterns
The Feather and Fan stitch pattern can be used to make a dishcloth.
The Old Shale Smoke Ring from cosymakes is lovely and would look great in a lot of different kinds of yarn, which is the beauty of this stitch pattern.
Kali Berg's Old Shale hat uses the stitch pattern at the bottom of the hat in a contrasting color, which is really striking.
Amanda Clark has worked ridges of the pattern into her Old Shale Shawl, which makes it a great entry-level lace pattern.
The Jewel Lace Kardi from Kristi Holaas is a lovely use of the Feather and Fan stitch pattern on springlike cardigans. Lion Brand has a cute kids cardigan with some Feather and Fan detailing (free registration required).
A Feather and Fan afghan like this one by Jennifer Penney is a classic, and a great use of leftover yarn if you work it in a scrappy, stripey fashion.